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Bad Effects of Various Festivals on Environment – HSC Project Maharashtra Board


The environment is the natural world which is made by the living beings (people, animals, and the plants) and land. Therefore it is the surroundings that affect the behavior and development of a living being or a thing. The surroundings may be living factors like plants, animals and decomposers and non-living things like air, water, light, soil etc.

Human beings are the product of the environment. They are an important factor in the environment. It is the environment that helps us for our survival, growth, development, reproduction, and health. No creature’s existence is possible without the balance of the natural elements. Thus, there must be a healthy environment for our sound living. The healthier the environment the happier the living beings including humans.

However, knowing that the environment should be clean, healthy and non-polluted, the large-scale celebration of various festivals have degraded the quality of the environment.

The practice of immersion of Ganesh idols after the Ganesh festival in various cities is causing severe water pollution which leads to the death of tonnes of fish and many aquatic creatures.

The immersion of Durga Statutes during the Durga pooja is also a cause of concern for environmentalists. In Orissa alone 5,000 Durga pooja idols are made, most of them using harmful paints.
Diwali, one of the important festivals in India has the distinction of polluting the environment to the core. Newborns and aged people have a nightmarish experience because of the high levels of sound caused by crackers during Diwali. Noise pollution on Diwali is between 69.7 dB and 88.3 dB which are higher than the prescribed limit of 50 dB. The decibel levels alarmingly high in metros and it may reach up to 100 dB.

The government, police, pollution control boards are suggesting many alternative ways to celebrate festivals which do not pollute the environment. Even strict and stringent warnings are also given to the public to refrain from bursting crackers such as atom bombs, hydrogen bombs, bullet bombs, thousand and ten thousand walls. But it all solely depends on the “change of mind”.


The project aims to understand and raise awareness about the bad effects of various festivals on the environment and help us know how it degrades the environment and also how can we reduce its ill effects on the environment.


  1. To learn how to reduce Pollution in our environment that is caused due to festivals
  2. To start using eco-friendly products to pave way for a healthier and more sustainable environment.
  3. To learn how different festivals have bad impact on our environment
  4. To learn what can be done to reduce the pollution in our environment

To learn that festivals can be celebrated without polluting our environment


In this project, we are going to learn about how does stock market works by collecting data through different sources like the Internet, Books, Presentations, Online Seminars, Newspapers, Youtube and much more.

Primary Data:-


Primary data is data gathered for the first time by the researcher. It is the raw form of data and thoroughly studied and hence a helpful tool for secondary data. Here the method used for collection of primary data is Web analytics Technique.

I will be using sources for This project.Since this is a historical method.Many things are already been deeply explained. I will simply contribute to their work and use it on my project by giving them proper rights.Since the Stock market is a trending topic for people who do it for a living.There are tons of articles on What are the effects of festivals on the environment.What harmful effects of festivals that humans and animals have to face.How do cope with this problem and get them under control?



Air pollution during Diwali 

Clearly environmental groups and eco-clubs are fighting a losing battle. They come up with awareness campaigns and slogans like “Diwali is a festival of lights, not crackers”, “celebrate an eco-sensitive Diwali this year”, but nobody seems to take notice. Apart from the noise, crackers release a lot of toxic gases like Sulfur dioxide and Nitrogen dioxide which can lead to many health problems.

Impact of air pollution on health 

Air pollution can lead to lung cancer, cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases, and allergies in adults. It can also cause acute respiratory infections in children.Suspended particulate matter can cause asthma, bronchitis, and other respiratory diseases


Durga Puja is one of the auspicious occasion celebrated with great enthusiasm across India. In modern times, festivals are getting commercialized and taking the shape of pomp and show. Different communities set huge gigantic and attractive bright idols in order to compete with other communities. This all leads to the major problem of environmental pollution. Idols made from nonbiodegradable material and toxic paints contaminate water making it unfit for the survival of aquatic life and drinking purposes.

The material used for idols like POP is mainly the compound of gypsum, sulfur, phosphorus, and magnesium. Chemical paints comprise of mercury, cadmium; lead and carbon. Immersion of idols with such poisonous and toxic elements raises the level of acidity, solid matter, organic matter and heavy metals in water bodies. These materials don’t dissolve readily and lower the oxygen level in water adversely affecting the aquatic life.

Here are the results of a scientific study done on a body of water in Andhra Pradesh, the Hussainsagar Lake. After examining the water before and after immersion the scientists found that the concentration of substances like calcium, magnesium, molybdenum and silicon concentrations increased significantly. Also, it was found that concentrations of heavy metals like arsenic, lead and mercury had increased. Metals like lead and mercury are particularly worrisome as they are dangerous to health and can damage the heart, kidneys, liver, circulatory system and central nervous system.

Besides polluting the water, they reach humans via the food chain, when humans consume fish and other sea-food. If the fish survive that is! Because hundreds of fish are found dead after the immersions.


  1. Wikipedia.com.
  2. Times of India Newspaper.
  3. scribd.com – Project report on bad effects of the environment.


About Nawaf

Nawaf, An Twentieth-something savvy Web Designer / Social Media Manager / SEO Strategist based In India. He is Passionate about Web Designing, Programming, And Web Security. He is currently learning Management Studies and is in the Second Year

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  1. What can I write for need and importance
    and Annexures

  2. Therefore, we should first analyse the bad effects of our actions in celebrating the festivals so that we may avoid unnecessary and hazardous practices that adversely affect the environment.

  3. It’s very nice guidance

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