MBA ProjectsHuman Resource Management

A Study On Absenteeism Among The Employees Of E.i.d. Parry (India) Ltd., Nellikuppam



Absence is the failure of the worker to report for work when he is scheduled to work. A worker is to be treated as absent for the purpose of this absenteeism statistic even when he does not turn up for a week after obtaining prior permission.

K.G. Desai classified absenteeism into two types viz, authorized absenteeism and unauthorized absenteeism. Authorized absenteeism is permitted absenteeism i.e., taking leave prior permission of an employer. Unauthorized absenteeism means taking leave without prior permission of an employer.

Absence of a worker on account of a strike lockout or layoff i.e., involuntary absence is not considered as absence for the purpose of absenteeism study.

According to the view of K.Aswathappa, Absenteeism costs money to the organization besides reflecting employee dissatisfaction with the company. Absenteeism is unavoidable when the employee himself or herself falls sick, His or her dependents at home suddenly become unwell or there is an accident inside the plant. Unavoidable absenteeism is accepted by managers and is even sanctioned by labor laws. Avoidable absenteeism arises due to night shifts, opportunities for moonlighting and earning extra income, indebtedness, lack of job security, unfriendly supervision, and job dissatisfaction. This absenteeism needs intervention by the management.

Causes Of Absenteeism:

  • Personal factors such as age, marital status, health, education, etc.
  • Work environments such as working conditions relations with co-workers, relations with superiors, and attitude towards job.
  • Home conditions such as distance from residence, mode of conveyance, family size, problems, and responsibilities.
  • Economic factors such as subsidiary economic interests.
  • Regional factors such as legislation, politics, etc,
  • Organizational factors such as the size of the company, assigned workload, nature of work, and shift arrangements. Management attitudes, personnel policies, supervisory quality, leave facilities, fringe, and medical benefits.
  • Social factors such as religion, community obligations, customs, festivals, marriages, deaths, and funerals.

Profile Of The Organisation

The Murugappa Group is today an industry leader in many fields and enjoys a high degree of credibility in the marketplace. Started 100 years ago as a small family-run business in indigenous financing, the group is currently INR 52,000 million (USD 1 billion) corporate with diversified interests in abrasives, engineering, farm inputs, plantations, sugar, bio-products, chemicals, and nutraceuticals.

The group is also the first and only business group in Asia to have been awarded the ‘IMD Distinguished Family Business Award’ by the internationally famous Management Development Institute located in Lausanne, Switzerland. With a current turnover of 1 billion dollars, their presence is spread across 12 states in India in the form of 42 manufacturing units out of which 21 are recipients of the ISO 9000 Certification


Title – A Study On Absenteeism Among The Employees Of E.i.d. Parry (India) Ltd., Nellikuppam

Author – S.sundarraj

College – Sri Manakula Vinayagar Engineering College Pondicherry University 

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