MEANING OF STOCK MARKET
A stock market is a market for the trading of company stock, and derivatives of same; both of these are securities listed on a stock exchange as well as those only traded privately. Institutions which facilitate the regulated sale and purchase of shares. It includes the primary and secondary markets.
The market in which shares are issued and traded either through exchanges or over-the-counter markets. Also known as the equity market, it is one of the most vital areas of a market economy as it provides companies with access to capital and investors with a slice of ownership in the company and the potential of gains based on the company’s future performance.
The term ‘the stock market’ is a concept for the mechanism that enables the trading of company stocks (collective shares), other securities, and derivatives. Bonds are still traditionally traded in an informal, overthe-counter market known as the bond market. Commodities are traded in commodities market and derivatives are traded in a variety of markets.
IMPORTANCE OF STOCK MARKET
The Stock Market is one of the most important sources for companies to raise money. This allows businesses to go public, or raise additional capital for expansion. The liquidity that an exchange provides affords investors the ability to quickly and easily sell securities. This is an attractive feature of investing in stocks, compared to other less liquid investments such as real estate.
History has shown that the price of shares and other assets is an important part of the dynamics of economic activity, and can influence or be an indicator of social mood. Rising share prices, for instance, tend to be associated with increased business investment and vice versa. Share prices also affect the wealth of households and their consumption. Therefore, central bank tends to keep an eye on the control and behavior of the stock market and, in general, on the smooth operation of financial system functions. Financial stability is the raison d’être of central banks.Exchanges also act as the clearinghouse for each transaction, meaning that they collect and deliver the shares, and guarantee payment to the seller of a security. This eliminates the risk to an individual buyer or seller that the counterparty could default on the transaction. The smooth functioning of all these activities facilitates economic growth in that lower costs 11 and enterprise risks promote the production of goods and services as well as employment. In this way the financial system contributes to increased prosperity.
Title -A Study On Comparitive Analysis Of Share Prices In Various Sectors With Special Reference To Karvy Stock Brocking Ltd.kanhangad
College -SRINIVAS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, Mangalore/strong>
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