Engineering ProjectsMechanical Projects

Arduino-Controlled 8-Legged Spider Robot Using Theo Jansen Linkage Technology


Theo Jansen, a Dutch artist, has captured the world’s attention with his Strandbeests—kinetic sculptures that meld art and engineering. These Strandbeests employ intricate linkages and joints to mimic the movement of living creatures. Drawing inspiration from Jansen’s work, we have crafted an 8-legged spider robot that emulates the motion of an arachnid using advanced linkage mechanisms. This project is a collaboration between Theo Solutions Pvt Ltd and Arduino enthusiasts, aiming to push the boundaries of robotic engineering.

The Marvel of Theo Jansen Linkage Mechanism

Theo Jansen’s Strandbeests are revolutionary for their use of a network of triangles and connecting links. These linkages convert rotational axle motion into a step-like limb movement, often more efficient on rough terrains and sandy surfaces than traditional wheels. Our spider robot project has adapted this ingenious mechanism to give life-like motion to a mechanical spider.

System Features

  • Theo Jansen Mechanism: At the core of our spider robot is a Theo Jansen linkage, providing natural spider-like movement.
  • Wheel-Free Movement: Unlike conventional robots, our design doesn’t rely on wheels, making it agile on multiple terrains.
  • Dual Motor Mechanism: Employs two DC motors strategically positioned on the chassis for balanced operation.
  • Six Gear Actuation: A setup involving six gears ensures all 8 legs move in perfect harmony.
  • Wireless Operation: Comes equipped with an RF transmitter remote for wireless control.

Technical Components

The spider robot features an array of components, including but not limited to:

  • Atmega microcontroller
  • Mini LED lights for signaling
  • Push buttons on the RF transmitter remote
  • DC motors and gears
  • Spider legs made of robust materials
  • Various types of couplings, linkages, and joints

How It Works

The spider robot’s movement is orchestrated by a microcontroller-based circuitry that receives wireless commands from the RF transmitter remote. Pressing any of the four push buttons sends directional commands to the receiver mounted on the robot. These commands are processed by the microcontroller, which then actuates the motors in the desired direction through motor drivers. This enables the spider robot to move forward, backward, and even turn as per the operator’s commands.

Views of the Robot

  • Top View: Provides an overview of the robot’s mechanical layout.
  • Front View: Highlights the spider-like aesthetic and frontal LEDs.
  • Side View: Showcases the intricate linkages and joints.
  • 3D View: A comprehensive look at the robot from multiple angles.
Click to rate this post!
[Total: 0 Average: 0]

Download Arduino-Controlled 8-Legged Spider Robot Using Theo Jansen Linkage Technology PDF

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button