10th ClassEnglishHSC Projects

English Project On Sarojini Naidu For Class 10th

Sarojini Naidu: The Nightingale of India

Why should you know about Sarojini Naidu? Because she’s not just a poet; she’s a revolutionary, a freedom fighter, and a trailblazer for women’s rights in India. Her life is a testament to the power of words and the indomitable spirit of a woman who refused to be confined by the norms of her time. Let’s delve into her extraordinary life.

Quick Facts

  • Name: Sarojini Naidu
  • Father’s Name: Aghornath Chattopadhyay
  • Mother’s Name: Barada Sundari Devi
  • Born: February 13, 1879
  • Died: March 2, 1949
  • Education: University of Madras, King’s College London, Girton College, Cambridge
  • Political Affiliation: Indian National Congress
  • Awards: Kaisar-i-Hind Medal

Early Life and Family Background

Born in Hyderabad on February 13, 1879, Sarojini Naidu was a prodigy from the start. Why is this significant? Because her early life laid the foundation for the remarkable woman she would become. Her father, Aghornath Chattopadhyay, was a scientist and educator, while her mother, Barada Sundari Devi, was a poetess. This blend of science and arts in her family shaped Sarojini into a well-rounded individual.

Education: The Making of a Poet

Sarojini’s educational journey was nothing short of extraordinary. She was a brilliant student and excelled in various subjects. At a young age, she moved to England to continue her studies. She attended King’s College London and later Girton College, Cambridge. Her time in England was not just about academics; it was about honing her skills as a poet and a thinker.

Marriage and Personal Life

In 1898, Sarojini married Dr. Govindarajulu Naidu, a physician. The marriage was an inter-caste union, which was quite uncommon at the time. They had five children and led a life that was both traditional and modern, reflecting the complexities of India during that era.

The Freedom Fighter

Sarojini Naidu was not just content with being a poet; she was an ardent nationalist. She joined the Indian National Congress and became a significant part of India’s struggle for freedom. Her eloquent speeches and persuasive writings made her a powerful voice against British rule.

The Poetess: The Nightingale of India

Sarojini Naidu’s poetry is a blend of the traditional and the modern, the Eastern and the Western. Her works, such as “In the Bazaars of Hyderabad,” showcase her love for India and its diverse culture. She was given the title of the “Nightingale of India” due to the color, imagery, and lyrical quality of her poems.

Political Career: Breaking Ceilings

Naidu was the first woman to become the President of the Indian National Congress and the first woman to serve as a governor in independent India. Her political career was groundbreaking, not just for her but for women in Indian politics.

Death and Legacy

Sarojini Naidu passed away on March 2, 1949, but her legacy lives on. She left behind a body of work that continues to be studied and celebrated. Her role in India’s freedom struggle and her pioneering efforts in breaking gender barriers in Indian politics have made her an enduring symbol of empowerment.

Awards and Recognition

Sarojini Naidu was awarded the Kaisar-i-Hind Medal by the British government for her work during the plague epidemic in India. However, her greatest award is the love and respect she continues to receive from generations of Indians.

The Legend Lives On

More than seven decades after her death, Sarojini Naidu’s influence continues to be felt in the fields of literature, politics, and women’s rights. Her life and works serve as an inspiration for those who believe in the power of words and the potential for individual action to bring about collective change.


Sarojini Naidu was a multifaceted personality who excelled in everything she undertook. Whether it was poetry, politics, or social reform, she left an indelible mark. Her life serves as a beacon for those who aspire to make a difference, proving that with courage and conviction, one can overcome any obstacle.

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