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English Project On William Shakespeare For Class 12th

William Shakespeare: The Bard of Avon

Why should you care about William Shakespeare? Because he’s not just a writer; he’s the writer. The Bard of Avon, as he’s often called, has given the world some of its most enduring works of literature, plays that have been performed more often than those of any other playwright. His words have shaped the English language, and his characters have become archetypes. So, let’s dive in.

Quick Facts

  • Name: William Shakespeare
  • Father’s Name: John Shakespeare
  • Mother’s Name: Mary Arden
  • Born: April 26, 1564
  • Died: April 23, 1616 (aged 52)
  • Study: Grammar school in Stratford
  • Awards: Not applicable (But his works are the award to humanity)
  • Plays: 39
  • Sonnets: 154

Early Life and Family Background

Born in Stratford-upon-Avon in 1564, William Shakespeare was anything but ordinary even as a child. Why does this matter? Because the makings of genius are often rooted in humble beginnings. Shakespeare was the third of eight children, born into a family of modest means. His father, John Shakespeare, was a glove-maker and a municipal official, while his mother, Mary Arden, hailed from a family of landed gentry. Together, they provided a home filled with learning and imagination.

Education: The Foundation of Genius

Shakespeare didn’t go to a university, and yet, he’s the epitome of wisdom and knowledge. How did that happen? Through an insatiable appetite for learning, a keen observation of human nature, and a natural talent for the written word. His education was not formal, but it was profound. He attended the King’s New School, a free chartered grammar school that was located a quarter-mile from his home. It was here that he studied Latin and read classical literature, laying the foundation for his future works.

Marriage and Personal Life

At the age of 18, Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway, who was 26 at the time. The couple had three children: Susanna, and twins Hamnet and Judith. Shakespeare’s marriage and his role as a father added layers to his understanding of human relationships, which would later be reflected in the complex characters he created.

The Journey to London and The Globe

In his early 20s, Shakespeare left Stratford for London, a city teeming with opportunity and artistic energy. He initially worked as an actor and wrote plays on the side. By the late 1590s, he was a managing partner in the Lord Chamberlain’s Men, an acting company. The company later built the Globe Theatre, where many of Shakespeare’s plays would be performed.

The Works: A Mirror to Humanity

Shakespeare’s plays are a treasure trove of wisdom, wit, and human emotion. From the tragic love story in “Romeo and Juliet” to the complexities of ambition in “Macbeth,” his works delve deep into the human psyche. His comedies like “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” and “Twelfth Night” explore love and identity with a light-hearted touch, while his histories like “Henry IV” and “Richard III” offer a dramatic take on England’s past.

Death and Immortality

Shakespeare passed away on April 23, 1616, but not before leaving behind a body of work that would be celebrated for centuries to come. His plays have been translated into every major language and have been performed more than those of any other playwright in history. His 154 sonnets explore themes of love, beauty, and the ravages of time.

Legacy: The Man Who Lives On

More than 400 years after his death, Shakespeare’s legacy continues to grow. His works are a cornerstone of English literature, studied by scholars and enjoyed by audiences around the world. His influence extends beyond literature into popular culture, where his plays have been adapted into numerous movies and television shows.


William Shakespeare’s life is a testament to the power of talent, perseverance, and human insight. He rose from modest beginnings to become the most celebrated writer in the English language. His works have stood the test of time and continue to captivate audiences worldwide. In the words of his contemporary Ben Jonson, Shakespeare is “not of an age, but for all time.”

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