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Hospital Management System Project


The healthcare industry has seen a significant transformation with the advent of Hospital Management Systems (HMS). These systems serve as a one-stop solution for managing various aspects of hospital administration, from patient care to internal operations. This article aims to provide an in-depth understanding of what a hospital management system is, its types, uses, and much more.

What is a Hospital Management System?

A Hospital Management System is a software solution designed to manage and streamline the complex tasks involved in running a hospital. It serves as a centralized platform where administrators can store and manage various types of data, including patient information, bed availability, and medical records.

Key Features

  • Patient Data Management: Stores comprehensive patient details, including name, contact information, and health parameters.
  • Bed Allocation: Allows administrators to check bed availability in real-time and allocate them as per patient needs.
  • Billing and Records: Automates the billing process and eliminates the need for paper records.
  • Doctor’s Dashboard: Enables doctors to access their patients’ treatment records easily.

Types of Hospital Management Systems

  • Database Management Systems (DBMS): Primarily focuses on storing large sets of data securely.
  • Online Hospital Management Systems: Provides cloud-based solutions for remote access.
  • Mini Projects: Smaller systems tailored for clinics or small healthcare facilities.


  • Automation: Replaces manual methods, making the system more efficient.
  • Real-Time Access: Facilitates immediate bed allocation and patient data retrieval.
  • Cost-Effective: Saves time, effort, and resources, thereby reducing operational costs.


  • Database Requirements: Needs a robust database system.
  • Manual Updates: Administrators must keep the system updated manually.

Future Scope

With advancements in technology, we can expect more integrated and AI-driven hospital management systems that will further revolutionize healthcare.


Hospital Management Systems have become an integral part of modern healthcare facilities. They not only make the management tasks easier but also enhance the quality of healthcare services provided.

Sample Code

install Flask if you haven’t already:

pip install Flask

basic outline of the code:

from flask import Flask, request, jsonify

app = Flask(__name__)

# Sample database
patients = {}
beds = {'ICU': 10, 'General': 20}

@app.route('/add_patient', methods=['POST'])
def add_patient():
    patient_data = request.json
    patient_id = patient_data['id']
    if patient_id in patients:
        return jsonify({'message': 'Patient already exists'}), 400
    patients[patient_id] = patient_data
    return jsonify({'message': 'Patient added successfully'}), 201

@app.route('/allocate_bed', methods=['POST'])
def allocate_bed():
    data = request.json
    patient_id = data['id']
    bed_type = data['bed_type']
    if bed_type not in beds:
        return jsonify({'message': 'Invalid bed type'}), 400
    if beds[bed_type] <= 0:
        return jsonify({'message': 'No beds available'}), 400
    if patient_id not in patients:
        return jsonify({'message': 'Patient does not exist'}), 400
    beds[bed_type] -= 1
    patients[patient_id]['bed_type'] = bed_type
    return jsonify({'message': f'Bed allocated in {bed_type}'}), 200

@app.route('/get_patient/<int:patient_id>', methods=['GET'])
def get_patient(patient_id):
    if patient_id not in patients:
        return jsonify({'message': 'Patient not found'}), 404
    return jsonify(patients[patient_id]), 200

if __name__ == '__main__':

To add a patient:

curl --request POST \
  --url \
  --header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
  --data '{
    "id": 1,
    "name": "John Doe",
    "age": 30,
    "address": "123 Main St"

To allocate a bed:

curl --request POST \
  --url \
  --header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
  --data '{
    "id": 1,
    "bed_type": "ICU"

To get patient details:

curl --request GET \
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