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, Demographic Structure of Our Neighbour Hood Economics Project, HSC Projects, HSC Projects

Demographic Structure of Our Neighbour Hood Economics Project

DEMOGRAPHY

Demography is the study of the characteristics of the human population, such as size, growth, density, distribution, and vital statistics.

Demographic structure

It represents a fundamental approach to the understanding of human society. Its primary tasks are to ascertain the number of people in a given area, to determine what change that number represents from a previous Census, to explain the change, and to estimate the future trends of population changes. The demographer also traces the origins of population changes and studies their impact.

Demographers compile and analyze data that are useful for understanding various social systems and for establishing public policy in such areas as housing, education, and unemployment.

The primary aim of this project is to practically find out what constitutes the structure of the population and analyze it statistically.

For this, the students need to conduct a statistical study in their neighborhood, analyze the accumulated data, and draw inferences about their neighborhood. If their neighborhood or locality generally represents the city or the district as a whole, the analysis and interpretation could be assumed to apply to the entire city or the district.

Q.) What are the steps included in making a project on Demographic structure in a neighborhood?

Step 1:

Designing a questionnaire

To prepare a project report on the demographic structure at their neighborhood (say their colony), the students need to collect certain primary data by designing a questionnaire. A sample questionnaire with more questions after consulting their teacher. This sample questionnaire has been filled up with hypothetical information.

Step 2:

The exercise involves the collection of primary data. Due to enormity at the task, it is recommended that 3-4 students were simultaneous across different parts of the colony to timely complete the survey. The students must ensure that they cover every house for collecting the requisite information.

Step 3:

The raw data now needs to be classified, after which the data may assume the following form. ‘Age structure ion years’ ‘Sex Distribution.’

Step 4:

Presentation of data.

Step 5:

Analysis of Data.

Step 6:

Interpretation of data

INTRODUCTION

Demography – Demography is the study of the characteristics of the human population, such as size, growth, density, distribution, and vital statistics.

Demographic structure

It represents a fundamental approach to understanding human society. Its primary tasks are to ascertain the number at a time in a given area, to determine what changes that number represents from a previous census, to explain the change, and to estimate the future trends. The demographer also traces the origins of population changes and studies their impact.

Demographers compile and analyze data that are useful for understanding various social systems and for establishing public policy in such areas as housing, education, and unemployment.

The primary aim of this project is to practically find out what constitutes the structure of the population and analyze it statistically.

For this, the students need to conduct a statistical study in their neighborhood, analyze the accumulated data, and draw inferences about their neighborhood. If their neighborhood or locality generally represents the city or the district as a whole, the analysis and interpretation could be assumed to apply to the entire city or the district.

Questionnaire

  • Head of the family
    => Mr. Ravikant Aggarwal
  • Address
    => C156, Pandav Nagar
  • Telephone number
    =>
  • Occupation
    => Job
  • of persons
    => 4
  • of person male or female
    => 3 are male
    => 1 is female
  • of educated or non-educated
    => All four are educated
MemberSex (M/F)Age (Years)Educated or Uneducated
HusbandM40E
WifeF37E
SonM21E
SonM17E

Questionnaire

  • Head of the family
    => Mr. Sundar Lal
  • Address
    => C203, Pandav Nagar
  • Telephone number
    =>
  • Occupation
    => Business Man
  • of persons
    => 6
  • of person male or female
    => 3 are male
    => 3 are female
  • of educated or non-educated
    => 4 are educated
    => 2 are uneducated
MemberSex(M/F)Age(Years)Educated or Uneducated
HusbandM40E
WifeF37E
SonM26E
DaughterF22E
FatherM60U.E
MotherF58U.E

Questionnaire

  • Head of the family
    => Mr. Shankar Goyal
  • Address
    => C,158, Pandav Nagar
  • Telephone number
    =>
  • Occupation
    => Business Man
  • of persons
    => 6 Member
  • of person male or female
    => 3 are male
    => 3 are female
  • of educated or non-educated
    => 5 are educated
    => 1 is uneducated
MemberSex(M/F)Age(Years)Educated or Uneducated
HusbandM55E
WifeF52U.E
SonM26E
DaughterF23E
DaughterF18E
SonM15E

Questionnaire

  • Head of the family
    => Mr. Dharmesh Aggarwal
  • Address
    => C148, Pandav Nagar
  • Telephone number
    =>
  • Occupation
    => Job
  • of persons
    => 4
  • of person male or female
    => 3 are male
    => 1 is female
  • of educated or non-educated
    => All are educated
MemberSex(M/F)Age (Years)Educated or Uneducated
HusbandM40E
WifeF36E
SonM16E
SonM19E

 

I have to survey in eight families. From my survey we know the no. of Educated and Non-educated; Male and Female; No. of the person in the family;

What is the occupation of the head member of the Family? I can show that in the Presentation of data.

No. of Educated or Non-Educated person.

MemberEducatedNon-educated
Father13
Mother04
Husband80
Wife71
Son130
Daughter70
TotalTotal
368

This chart shows that the % of Educated or Non-educated people.

, Demographic Structure of Our Neighbour Hood Economics Project, HSC Projects, HSC Projects

This indication shows that no of Educated person is 36

This graph shows that the no. of uneducated person is 8

No of males and females.

AgeMaleFemale
0-1000
10-2073
20-3064
30-4066
40-5011
50-6022
60-7033
TotalTotal
=> 25=> 19

During this data

The total no of the male is 25.

And

The total no of the female is 19 Of age.

This chart shows the % of males and females in our society.

, Demographic Structure of Our Neighbour Hood Economics Project, HSC Projects, HSC Projects

This indication shows that the number of males is 25%

This indication shows that the number of females is 19%

No of Persons in Family

FamilyNo. of Family
Family with four persons3
Family with six persons3
Family with seven persons2
Total

=> 8

 

This data shows that the family with

Four persons are 3

Six persons are 3

Seven persons are 2

This chart shows how many persons are in the family.

, Demographic Structure of Our Neighbour Hood Economics Project, HSC Projects, HSC Projects

This shows that the family with four persons is three families.

This shows that the family with six persons is three families.

This shows that the family with seven persons is two families.

No of the family head with occupation

From my survey, we know that any two types of people are engaged in the occupation;

(i) Job    (ii) Business

JobBusiness Man
Mr. Kishor Goyal   Xü
Mr. Ramuü   X
Mr. Ravikant Aggarwalü   X
Mr. Dharmesh Aggarwalü   X
Mr. Surendra Singhü   x
Mr. Sundar Lal   Xü
Mr. Shankar Goyal   Xü
Mr. Ramnath Aggarwal   Xü
Total

=>

Total

=> 4

This data shows that Mr. Kishor Goyal, Mr. Sundar Lal, and Mr. Shankar Goyal are engaged in ‘Business.’

Mr. Ramu, Mr. Ravikant Aggarwal, Mr. Dharmesh and Mr. Surendra Singh are engaged in ‘Job’.

This chart shows the % of people who are engaged in Job or Business.

, Demographic Structure of Our Neighbour Hood Economics Project, HSC Projects, HSC Projects

This indication shows that the number of persons engaged in Job is 4%

This indication shows that the number of persons engaged in business is 4%

PREFACE

I am very thankful to everyone who all supported me for completing my project effectively, and moreover, on time, I am equally grateful to my brother/ sister /friend. They gave me moral support and guided me in different matters regarding the topic.

Last but not least, I would like to thank my parents who helped me a lot in gathering different information and guiding me from time to time in doing this project despite their busy schedule, they gave me different ideas in doing this project.

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

I would like to express my thanks for gratitude to our teacher Renu Bala as well as a principal who allowed us to do this project on the topic of ‘Demographic Structure of our locality.’ This helps me in doing a lot of research, and I came to know about many new, very thankful to them.

Secondly, I would like to thank my family, who helped me in doing this project with a limited frame of time.

About Nawaf Gantare

Nawaf, An Twentieth-something savvy Web Designer / Social Media Manager / SEO Strategist based In India. He is Passionate about Web Designing, Programming, And Web Security. He is currently learning Management Studies and is in the Second Year

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