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Economic Project On Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan For Class 12


The Government of India initiated this effort in May 2020 with the goal of achieving total self-sufficiency and independence in all spheres, including infrastructure, technology, agriculture, and defence. The Abhiyan’s potential to change the Indian economy and make it more resilient and sustainable in the long run has been widely acknowledged by a variety of stakeholders, including the government, industry professionals, and the general people.

The Abhiyan has also garnered a lot of support from the international world, with a number of nations and organisations expressing their want to work with India to realise its objectives. The fact that Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan has received recognition is evidence of its importance and relevance in the modern world, where independence and fortitude have emerged as crucial elements of economic progress and growth.


In May 2020, the Indian government unveiled Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan, popularly referred to as the Self-Reliant India Campaign. The Abhiyan aspires to make India independent and self-sufficient in a number of fields, including infrastructure, technology, defence, and agriculture. The COVID-19 epidemic, which significantly impacted the Indian economy and caused a slowdown in growth and development, prompted the start of the programme.

The five pillars of economics, infrastructure, system, demography, and demand form the foundation of the Abhiyan. These pillars are designed to foster the expansion of Indian industries and small and medium-sized businesses (SMEs), which are regarded as the engine of the Indian economy. The Abhiyan also seeks to make India a hub for manufacturing and services on a global scale by luring foreign investment and fostering exports.

The programme consists of a number of initiatives, including the Aatmanirbhar Bharat package, which offers financial aid to companies hit by the pandemic, and the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) plan, which encourages local manufacture across a range of industries. Many stakeholders, including the government, business leaders, and the general people, support the Abhiyan because of its potential to change the Indian economy and make it more self-sufficient and sustainable.

Historical Context And Rationale For Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan

The Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan programme can be considered as a continuation of prior government initiatives to encourage independence and economic growth. Since the country’s early independence, when the government began a number of programmes to support domestic industry and lessen reliance on imports, India has been working to become self-sufficient.

India’s more liberal economic policies in the 1990s encouraged international investment and the expansion of the service industry. The COVID-19 epidemic revealed, however, the weakness of the Indian economy, which had grown largely dependent on imports, particularly in vital industries like electronics and pharmaceuticals.

The Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan was established with the goals of lowering India’s reliance on imports, fostering indigenous manufacturing, and building a self-sufficient and sustainable economy. The Abhiyan intends to turn India into a powerhouse for global manufacturing and provide millions of people with jobs.

Additionally, the Abhiyan is consistent with the government’s vision for a “New India,” which is founded on the values of inclusivity, sustainability, and innovation. The project intends to foster domestic innovation and entrepreneurship, particularly in the MSME sector, in order to make India a prosperous and independent country. Overall, the Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan’s historical backdrop and justification highlight the necessity for India to become more self-sufficient and sustainable, particularly in light of recent global uncertainties and disruptions.

Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan’s Principal Goals And Focus Areas

In order to make India independent and self-sufficient, the Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan has a number of major goals and priority areas. Some of the Abhiyan’s main goals and priority areas include:

Strengthening the Indian economy: The Abhiyan attempts to make India’s economy independent and self-sufficient by encouraging indigenous production and lowering reliance on imports.

Creating job opportunities: By encouraging local entrepreneurship and innovation, the Abhiyan hopes to provide work possibilities for millions of people, particularly in the MSME sector.

Encouragement of domestic production: The Abhiyan seeks to encourage and promote domestic production in a number of industries, including electronics, medicines, and defence.

Fostering innovation: across order to make India a centre for innovation and technology, the Abhiyan intends to promote innovation and research and development (R&D) across a variety of areas.

Increasing exports: The Abhiyan seeks to increase exports and turn India into a centre of manufacturing and services for the world.

Infrastructure development: The Abhiyan strives to develop infrastructure, particularly in rural areas, to foster an environment that is favourable for economic growth and development.

Promoting agriculture: To make India self-sufficient in food production, the Abhiyan strives to boost agriculture and related industries like fisheries and animal husbandry.

Overall, the Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan’s main goals and priority areas are to build an Indian economy that is self-sufficient, robust, and sustainable throughout time.

Initiatives And Policy Measures Under The Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan

A number of efforts and policy changes have been made under the Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan to support domestic manufacturing, increase exports, and foster job growth. Under the Abhiyan, some of the important efforts and policy measures include:

Output Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme: The PLI scheme offers financial incentives to businesses that fulfil specific output targets in order to encourage domestic manufacturing in a variety of industries, including electronics, medicines, and textiles.

Atmanirbhar Bharat Package: The Atmanirbhar Bharat package consists of a number of initiatives to offer financial support to companies impacted by the COVID-19 outbreak, including collateral-free loans, credit guarantees, and liquidity support.

National Infrastructure Pipeline (NIP): aims to invest in the construction of infrastructure, including as roads, trains, ports, and airports, in order to foster an environment that is favourable for economic development.

Agriculture that is self-sufficient: The Abhiyan strives to encourage agriculture that is self-sufficient by concentrating on projects like increasing crop production, enhancing post-harvest management, and creating agri-infrastructure.

Atmanirbhar Skilled Employees Employer Mapping (ASEEM): ASEEM is an online platform that connects migrant employees with job opportunities in a variety of industries, including healthcare, e-commerce, and logistics. It maps the skills of migrant workers.

Vocal for Local: By encouraging people to purchase and utilise locally produced goods and services, the program hopes to support local enterprise and innovation.

National Education Policy (NEP) 2020: The National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 intends to advance research and innovation in education and the growth of renowned institutions and colleges.

In general, these initiatives and policy measures are intended to encourage self-reliance and self-sufficiency in a variety of sectors and to foster a climate that is favourable to economic growth.

Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan’s Effects On Different Industries And Sectors

Numerous Indian companies and sectors have been significantly impacted by the Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan. The following are some of the major fields and industries that the Abhiyan has impacted:

Manufacturing: The Abhiyan has had a substantial impact on the manufacturing sector, with the introduction of numerous initiatives by the government to encourage indigenous manufacture and decrease reliance on imports. The PLI programme encouraged domestic production in a number of industries, including electronics and pharmaceuticals, and increased investments in those industries as a result.

Agriculture: By providing financial support for infrastructure development, enhancing post-harvest management, and increasing crop productivity, the Abhiyan has prioritised developing self-reliance in agriculture. These actions have increased agricultural output and contributed to India becoming a more self-sufficient food producer.

Healthcare: The Abhiyan has stressed the significance of encouraging domestic manufacture in the healthcare sector, particularly in the production of necessary medications and medical equipment. The PLI scheme encouraged indigenous manufacture of these goods, reducing India’s reliance on imports and lowering the cost of healthcare for individuals.

Infrastructure: The government has made major investments in a variety of areas, including roads, trains, ports, and airports, as a result of the Abhiyan. The NIP has sparked the development of new infrastructural initiatives, opening up job possibilities and promoting economic expansion.

MSMEs: The Abhiyan has prioritised supporting regional innovation and entrepreneurship, particularly in the MSME sector. The government has put out a number of initiatives to help small businesses receive financial support and incentives, including collateral-free loans, credit guarantees, and liquidity support.

Overall, the Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan has positively affected a number of industries and sectors, with the government taking steps to encourage independence and self-reliance.

Criticisms And Challenges Facing Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan

The Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan has received praise from many for being a step in the right direction toward encouraging self-reliance and self-sufficiency, but it has also come under some scrutiny and concerns. The following are some of the main issues and objections:

Dependence on imports: India still strongly reliant on imports for many necessary goods and raw materials, despite the government’s efforts to encourage indigenous manufacture. Due to the Abhiyan’s need on imports, there has been criticism that the government’s policies are insufficient to attain self-reliance.

Lack of implementation clarity: According to some detractors, the Abhiyan lacks implementation clarity because many of its policies and programmes are vaguely defined and challenging to put into action. Businesses and investors are finding it challenging to take advantage of the potential provided by the Abhiyan due to the lack of transparency that has caused it.

Lack of financial support: According to some detractors, the government’s funding for the Abhiyan has been insufficient, as many enterprises and industries have difficulty obtaining financing and other types of financial aid. Businesses have found it challenging to invest in new endeavours and grow their operations due to this lack of support.

Potential for protectionism: Some detractors have expressed concern about the Abhiyan’s potential for protectionism, saying that the government may introduce regulations that restrict trade and imports. India’s access to international markets may be hampered by this protectionism, which may also hurt its relations with other nations.

Impact on foreign investments: According to some opponents, the Abhiyan may have a detrimental effect on foreign investments because of the government’s actions and policies, which may deter foreigners from making investments in India.

Overall, the Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan has received positive feedback for encouraging self-reliance and self-sufficiency, but it also has issues and drawbacks that need to be resolved if it is to be successful in the long run.

Comparison With Other Countries’ Self-reliance Initiatives

A number of other nations have also started programmes to encourage independence and lessen reliance on imports. Here are a few instances of such programmes:

China: China’s “Made in China 2025” plan, which aims to promote high-tech sectors and lessen reliance on imports, was introduced in 2015. Other nations have criticised the idea because they believe it is an effort to control global industry and restrict access to Chinese markets.

Japan: In response to the COVID-19 epidemic, Japan launched the “Japan Resilience Strategy” as one of many efforts aimed at fostering self-reliance. The plan is to lessen reliance on imports by strengthening domestic supply chains.

United States: In order to encourage home manufacturing and lessen reliance on imports, the United States began the “Buy American” effort in 2021. The programme entails steps to fortify domestic supply chains and make investments in infrastructure growth.

South Korea: In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, South Korea established the “New Deal,” one of numerous programmes meant to encourage self-reliance. The initiative’s main objectives are to support domestic innovation and entrepreneurship while making investments in green technologies.

While there are some similarities between these projects and the Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan, there are also major distinctions in their goals and methods of execution. The “Made in China 2025” plan, for instance, focuses on fostering high-tech businesses, whereas the Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan aims to promote self-reliance across a variety of sectors. Similar to the “Buy American” campaign, which promotes domestic manufacturing, the Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan also includes initiatives to support innovation and entrepreneurship.

Overall, despite certain similarities and variances, these programmes all demonstrate an increasing tendency towards fostering independence and lowering dependency on imports in reaction to geopolitical unrest and global economic uncertainty.

Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan’s Future Prospects And Implications

In the short and long terms, the Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan will have a huge impact on India’s economic future. Here are a few potential outcomes and effects of the Abhiyan:

Increasing local production: The Abhiyan is anticipated to have a large positive impact on domestic production, notably in the electronics, pharmaceutical, and textile industries. It is anticipated that this will boost the nation’s economy and create jobs.

Reducing reliance on imports: The Abhiyan seeks to lessen India’s reliance on imports by encouraging homegrown manufacturing and production. This is anticipated to strengthen India’s balance of payments and lessen its susceptibility to outside shocks.

Fostering innovation and entrepreneurship: The Abhiyan includes initiatives to foster innovation and entrepreneurship throughout the nation, notably in industries like technology and healthcare. Long-term growth is anticipated as well as new economic and entrepreneurial prospects for Indians.

Positioning India more strongly in the world economy: As India develops into a significant producer of high-tech goods and services, the Abhiyan is anticipated to place India more firmly in that sector of the world economy. This is anticipated to boost India’s competitiveness and bring in more foreign investment.

Implementation problems: The Abhiyan confronts a number of implementation problems, including the need for substantial investments in infrastructure, technology, and human resources. Long-term Abhiyan success will depend on how well these obstacles are handled.

The Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan will have a big impact on India’s economic future, in general. The Abhiyan has the ability to alter India’s economy and increase the nation’s standing in the global economy, despite implementation obstacles.

Conclusion And Suggestions For Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan’s Success

In conclusion, the Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan is an important project designed to encourage self-sufficiency and lessen India’s dependency on imports. The Abhiyan encompasses a variety of policy measures and programmes aimed at fostering domestic production and manufacturing, encouraging entrepreneurship and innovation, and enhancing India’s standing in the global economy. It also contains a number of core objectives and priority areas.

Here are some suggestions to make sure the Abhiyan is successful:

Infrastructure investment: The Abhiyan necessitates a large investment in infrastructure, including power, transportation, and logistics. To make sure that businesses have the resources they need to operate and expand, the government should give these investments first priority.

Promoting high-tech enterprises should be a priority for the Abhiyan, especially in sectors like electronics, pharmaceuticals, and biotechnology. This will lessen India’s reliance on imports and help it advance in these areas.

Support for small and medium-sized businesses: The Abhiyan should contain policies to help SMEs, which are vital to the expansion of the Indian economy. This can entail taking steps to make money, technology, and skill development more accessible.

simplifying regulatory procedures: The Abhiyan should also concentrate on lowering bureaucratic barriers for businesses and simplifying regulatory procedures. This will facilitate the operation and expansion of enterprises and foster innovation and entrepreneurship.

International collaborations: The Abhiyan should look for possibilities for international collaborations, especially with nations that have similar programmes. This will encourage the sharing of ideas and best practises and help India learn from other nations.

The Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan has the ability to significantly change India’s economy and establish it as a leader in the world market. The government should prioritise infrastructure spending, concentrate on high-tech businesses, assist SMEs, simplify regulatory procedures, and consider international collaborations in order to secure its success.

Certificate of Completion

I, [Your Name], a student of Class 12 at [Your School/College Name], am proud to receive this certificate for successfully completing the project on “Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan. ” This project has been an enlightening and enriching experience, allowing me to delve deep into the concept of self-reliance and its implications on India’s economy and future.

During the course of this project, I explored the various aspects of the Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan, understanding its historical context, rationale, and principal goals. I learned about the five pillars of economics, infrastructure, system, demography, and demand that form the foundation of the Abhiyan and how they contribute to making India self-sufficient and resilient.

The project also opened my eyes to the diverse initiatives and policy measures undertaken under the Abhiyan to support domestic manufacturing, boost job opportunities, and encourage entrepreneurship and innovation. Understanding the impact of the Abhiyan on different industries and sectors in India, such as manufacturing, agriculture, healthcare, and MSMEs, provided valuable insights into its significance in shaping the nation’s economic landscape.

As a student, this project has not only expanded my knowledge of economics and government initiatives but also instilled in me a sense of responsibility and pride in contributing to the vision of a self-reliant India. I am now more aware of the challenges and potential for growth in our country and am inspired to become a part of the nation’s progress.

I express my heartfelt gratitude to [Teacher’s Name], my project guide, for their guidance, support, and encouragement throughout this journey. Their mentorship played a crucial role in shaping the project and fostering my interest in economic development and self-reliance.

I would also like to thank [School/College Name] for providing me with the opportunity to undertake this project and explore the dynamic concept of Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan. The experience has been truly transformative and has enriched my understanding of the world of economics and policy-making.

With deep appreciation, I proudly accept this certificate, which symbolizes my dedication and efforts in completing the project on “Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan. “


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