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The Lake Receives More Water From Sewage Than Natural Water Flow

The Lake Receives More Water From Sewage Than Natural Water Flow
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SELECTION OF TOPIC:

Due to over increasing population, pollution is also increasing due to this the river and lake water are getting contaminated the water from factories and are directly let out into the water and the sewage from the cites are thrown into the water which made water contaminated. The people in urban areas and also villages wash their clothes & animals in the river, lake & when oil tanks are been transported from waterways the oil leakages from the ship spread in the water which harms the aquatic life. The animals who live in water at this type of contaminated thing and their life & becomes in danger. The people who consume these types of fishes they harm their life in this way sewage let out in Lake River.

Sewage is a water-carried waste, in solution or suspension that is intended to be removed from a community. Also known as wastewater, it is more than 99% water and is characterized by the volume or rate of flow, physical condition, chemical constituents, and the bacteriological organisms that it contains.

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES :

To learn why the lake receives more water from sewage rather than natural sources

Objectives:

  • To make people aware of the over usage of water.
  • To make awareness about increasing water pollution.
  • To restrict the factories on letting the sewage in water bodies.
  • To spread awareness about the decline in natural resource- water.
  • Increasing pollution resulting in poor health of human being as well as animals.
  • Letting out sewage in water harms environmental factors.
  • Pollution causes the spread of diseases.
  • Increase the number of water bodies for storage of water.
  • Sewage can be disposed of in other ways like dilution.
  • To make people aware that we contaminate water too by our daily activities.

METHOD AND METHODOLOGY :

The Project has been done in a knowledge acquiring method. It improved our knowledge of our environment. The information is acquired by means of own knowledge, Internet sites and books related to the environment.

In the past three decades, multi-billion dollar investments to upgrade municipal sewage treatment systems in the Great Lakes basin have abated some of the worst pollution problems, such as the extreme eutrophication of Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. However, despite these advances, the fact remains that much of the surface waters surrounding large urban areas are often unsafe for bathing, lack biological diversity, and the local fish are unsafe to eat.8 This is largely due to contamination caused by the sewage dumped directly into local waters.

Unfortunately, the antiquated sewer systems found in most Great Lakes cities continue to regularly release huge quantities of partially treated or untreated sewage directly into the environment through spills, bypasses and combined sewer outfalls.

Typical municipal sewage is a foul cocktail of water, human waste, micro-organisms, disease-causing pathogens and hundreds of toxic chemicals. The principal pollutants found in sewage include oxygen-depleting substances (referred to as Biological Oxygen Demand or BOD), suspended solids and nutrients – each of which carrying a heavy ecological toll when released into a fragile ecosystem

We went through the topics mentioned in the Environment Textbook. We came across this interesting and necessary project for pollution-free Earth- The Lakes receives more water from sewage than natural water flow.

It was a great help from the internet for searching for information on topics like the importance of water, lake, water resources, pollution by factories.

Ontario. However, despite these advances, the fact remains that much of the surface waters surrounding large urban areas are often unsafe for bathing, lack biological diversity, and the local fish are unsafe to eat.8 This is largely due to contamination caused by the sewage dumped directly into local waters.

Unfortunately, the antiquated sewer systems found in most Great Lakes cities continue to regularly release huge quantities of partially treated or untreated sewage directly into the environment through spills, bypasses and combined sewer outfalls.

Typical municipal sewage is a foul cocktail of water, human waste, micro-organisms, disease-causing pathogens and hundreds of toxic chemicals. The principal pollutants found in sewage include oxygen-depleting substances (referred to as Biological Oxygen Demand or BOD), suspended solids and nutrients – each of which carrying a heavy ecological toll when released into a fragile ecosystem.

OBSERVATIONS :

With all its natural riches, the Great Lakes region has seen tremendous economic growth in the past century. Currently, over 35 million people live in the Great Lakes basin, with almost half drawing their drinking water directly from the Great Lakes.5 On both sides of the Canada-United States border, sprawling cities, major industries, mining, and manufacturing all place a heavy burden on the Great Lake’s delicate ecosystems.

In a recent report, more than 150 scientists and natural resources managers assessed the state of the Great Lakes ecosystem.6 Their report highlighted a long list of serious threats to the health of the Great Lakes, including the invasion of alien non- native species, loss of natural habitat, and toxic contamination from various sources in both countries. Add on the impacts due to climate change, which is altering precipitation patterns throughout the Great Lakes basin in addition to the overall warming,7 and one can conclude that the Great Lakes are under assault by us. A lot of slums play an important role in this sewage problem because of the problems faced by the slums.

In the past three decades, multi-billion dollar investments to upgrade municipal sewage treatment systems in the Great Lakes basin have we observe that clue to sewage rainy rivers, tanks, lakes, etc are polluted these cause great damage to everything we survive in that water and use that water many rivers and lake receive more sewage water that its natural water. In India many rivers are their as Ganga etc. the Ganga is the best example for the polluted water. The water of Ganga has been polluted.

So large that we cannot use it if we use that water it is harmful to our life & it causes a lot of diseases in the human body. The Ganga is considered as a goddess in India but the people in polluting Ganga more. After a few years, that river will be damaged. As this pollution will be continuing there will be no water for drinking and the people has to suffer a lot of loss and life will be very difficult.

ANALYSIS OF DATA:

Due to over increasing pollution, the river is also polluted in large scale. Sewage is thrown in the river directly. The Ganga is the most populated river in India. Its population rate of Ganga has become very high and so that it is very dangerous for aquatic life. They are not able to live in the river. The animal in Ganga is in danger because the polluted water which goes into their body causes harm to their health many fishes & other aquatic life have been dying because of that & the people who consume this fishes their health also comes in danger. If these type of thing will be going on there will be a danger to life. Therefore, the government of India should take strict action and save the river Ganga from polluting. So that we are our future generation will not in danger & aquatic life be safe from danger and their life will be saved.

CONCLUSION:

As the pollution and sewage problem is becoming very high it should be justly curved, otherwise, it will create a lot of problems to the people living on the earth and our future generation. The govt. of India has introduced a plan of cleaning the rivers and make them free from sewage and pollution and there will be only natural and fresh water flowing in the river.

The plan of cleaning Ganga river is very important as because the polluting level of river is very increasing and it is high from the level it should be not through anything in the river the factory sewage should not be in the river and the cities waste water should be purified and then flown in the river it will occur more pollution and the river cleaning must be done and so that the river will be purified and our water will be fully purified and the environment will be saved.

The Great Lakes are a gift to all that live in the basin and we must not continue to squander that gift. These citizens share one of the largest freshwater ecosystems on earth – containing one-fifth of the world’s freshwater. When you consider those suffering through droughts and the impacts of severe water quality degradation around the world, it is clear that to live in the Great Lakes basin is a globally unique privilege. In the coming years, climate change and increased population and urbanization in the Great Lakes basin will continue to add pressure on an already strained ecosystem.

It is not just the responsibility of governments to act; each and every citizen within the basin must act to improve the plight of the Great Lakes. Governments must come together under a common mission to clean up the Great Lakes, in particular, to control discharges from municipal sewage treatment plants. The technology and know-how already exist. It simply requires an investment in these proven technologies, programs and infrastructure. Now is the time to clean up our act.

ACKNOWLEDGMENT:

My profound gratitude to all the faculty members of the Department, for their timely assistance and encouragement throughout my research work.

I duly acknowledge the encouragement and support from the research scholars in the department, and all my colleagues and friends.

It gives me immense pleasure to take the opportunity to all the people who are directly or indirectly involved in the completion of my project based on The Lake Receives More Water From Sewage Than Natural Water Flow

With deep reverence, I offer my deepest gratitude _____, without whom this project could not have been fulfilled.

Lastly, I thank Almighty, my parents, family members, friends and teachers for their constant encouragement and support without which this project would not be possible.

 

Name of School/College

BIBLIOGRAPHY / REFERENCE:

  • https://www.scribd.com/document/248884586/Evs-Project
  • https://kupdf.net/download/evs-project_59f489aae2b6f5a90cef07cf_pdfba
  • https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/environment/pollution/Around-80-of-sewage-in-Indian-cities-flows-into-water-systems/articleshow/18804660.cms

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