Economics12th CommerceHSC Projects

Prepare a List of Capital Goods Of Institutions by Visiting Them


Prepare a List of Capital Goods Used by the Following Institutions by Visiting Them. (a) A Farm (b) A Transport Company (c)A Stall Supplying Pan, Bidi, etc. (d) A Restaurant (e) A Bicycle Shop (f) A Hairdressing Salon or Beauty Parlor. A capital good maybe a sturdy smart that is utilized in the assembly of goods or services. Capital goods are one among the three forms of producer merchandise, the other 2 being land and labor. The three are best-known together as “primary factors of production.” Several definitions and descriptions of capital product production are planned within the literature. Capital goods are usually thought-about, one-of-a-kind, capital intensive merchandise that comprises several parts. They are typically used as producing systems or services themselves. Here we have information about List of Capital Goods used by the following institutions by visiting them. (a) a farm (b) a transport company (c)a stall supplying pan, bidi, etc. (d) a restaurant (e) a bicycle shop (f) a hairdressing salon or beauty parlor.

Examples of capital goods embody hand tools, machine tools, fabrication plants, etc. Their production is commonly organized incomes, with many parties cooperating in networks. A capital good lifecycle usually consists of tendering, engineering and procurance, producing, authorization, maintenance, and decommissioning.

In terms of economic science, capital goods are tangible property. A society acquires capital product by saving wealth that may be endowed within the suggests that of production. Folks use them to supply different products or services inside an exact amount. Machinery, tools, buildings, computers, or other forms of apparatus that are concerned in the production of different things available are the first products. The homeowners of the capital good are often people, households, firms, or governments. Any material used to manufacture capital goods is additionally thought-about a capital good.


This project aims to Prepare a List of Capital Goods used by the following institutions by visiting them. (a) a farm (b) a transport company (c)a stall supplying pan, bidi, etc. (d) a restaurant (e) a bicycle shop (f) a hairdressing salon or beauty parlor.

There are many objectives for this project. The primary few objectives are given below.


  •  To understand what is the meaning of capital goods
  •  To know the difference between capital goods and consumer goods
  •  To understand the need for capital goods
  •  To know the significance of capital goods
  •  To ascertain any doubts regarding capital goods


The method used to gather the required information on the project is an internet survey method. The Internet has extensive information on this subject. It has a vast collection of data on capital goods. The survey has unveiled information about this topic, which has covered major few points which are listed below and explained in a detailed report of the project.

  • The meaning of capital goods
  • Difference between capital goods and consumer goods
  • List of capital goods for a farm
  • List of capital goods for a transport company
  • List of capital goods for a stall supplying pan, bidi, etc.
  • List of capital goods for a restaurant
  • List of capital goods for a bicycle shop
  • List of capital goods for a hairdressing salon or beauty parlor.
  • Importance of capital goods


  • The meaning of capital goods

Capital goods are tangible assets that one business produces that is successively employed by a second business to supply goods or services. Capital goods embody tangible assets, like buildings, machinery, equipment, vehicles, and tools that a corporation uses to supply products or services.

Capital goods are tangible assets that a corporation uses to supply merchandise or services like workplace buildings, equipment, and machinery. Trade goods are the top results of this production method. Makers of vehicles, aircraft, and machinery fall among the capital goods sector as a result of their merchandise are later on employed by corporations concerned in producing, shipping, and providing different services.

Capital goods that a business does not consume among one year of production cannot be entirely subtracted as business expenses within the year of their purchase. Instead, they have to be depreciated throughout their helpful lives, with the business taking partial tax deductions to adjoin the years that the capital product is in use. This can be done through accounting techniques like depreciation and depletion.

  • Difference between capital goods and consumer goods

Capital product and consumer goods are classified supported; however, they are used.

Capital goods

Capital merchandise is any tangible asset employed by one business to provide products or services as input for alternative businesses to provide trade goods. They are additionally called the intermediate product, durables, or economic capital. The first standard capital product is property, plant, and instrumentation (PPE), or mounted assets like buildings, machinery and instrumentation, tools, and vehicles.

Capital goods are different from monetary capital, which refers to the fund’s firms use to grow their businesses. Natural resources not changed by human hands do not seem to be the thought-about capital product, though each is a factor of production.

Businesses do not sell a capital product. This means the capital product does not directly produce revenue like consumer goods. To financially survive the buildup of capital products, businesses accept savings, investments, or loans.

Economists and businesses pay special attention to capital products as a result of the role they play in up the productive capability of a firm or country. In alternative words, the capital product creates its potential for firms to provide at the next level of potency.

Consumer goods

A consumer good is any product purchased for consumption and not used later for the assembly of other consumer goods. Consumer merchandise is typically known as final goods as a result of they end up within the hands of the buyer or the end-user. Once economists and statisticians calculate gross domestic product (GDP), they do, therefore, primarily based on consumer goods.

Examples of consumer goods embrace food, clothing, vehicles, physics, and appliances. Consumer goods are three different categories: durables, unserviceable products, and services. Durables have a life of quite three years and embrace automobiles, appliances, and articles of furniture. Non-durable product is meant for immediate consumption with a life of but three years. They embrace things like food, clothing, and gas. Client services do not seem to be tangible and cannot be seen; however, they will still provide customers satisfaction. Haircuts, oil changes, and automotive repairs are samples of services.

Consumer goods are often classified in four ways:

A convenience product is consumed and purchased often, like milk.

Shopping product needs much thought and designing and embrace appliances and article of furniture.

The specialty product is usually dearer and caters to a distinct segment market. Things like jewelry are this section.

Unsought product is solely purchased by some customers to serve a selected would like. Life assurance falls into this section.

  • List of capital goods for a farm

On a farm, several capital products are used permanently. A few of them are:

  1. Granaries
  2. Water sprinklers
  3. Open trucks
  4. Fertilizer sprayers
  5. Seed sowers
  6. Crop shearers
  • List of capital goods for a transport company

Some of the capital product utilized in the transport company are:

  1. Vehicles
  2. Workshop equipment
  3. Air service station
  4. Fuel dispensing equipment
  5. Pickers
  6. Office block
  • List of capital goods for a stall supplying pan, bidi, etc.

  1. A small shop
  2. Knives
  3. Small boxes to keep products needed for bidi and pan
  4. Cigarettes
  5. Lighters
  • List of capital goods for a restaurant

Cooking equipment

  1. cooking vary
  2. ovens
  3. pans and skillets
  4. Knives, choppers, peelers, etc.
  5. chillers, freezers, and different food preservers
  6. mixers, grinders juicers
  7. grillers

The Building

  1. tables & chairs
  2. cutlery and dishware
  3. table cloths
  4. serve ware
  5. air conditioning

Bar area

  1. assorted drink chillers
  2. assorted glasses
  3. cocktail mocktail shakers

Billing table

  1.  laptop, printer
  • List of capital goods for a bicycle shop

  1. Complete bicycles
  2. Clothing and different accessories like caps, goggles, gloves, etc.
  3. Spare elements and replacement elements, tools.
  4. A range of services like an expert fitting, custom bike building or ordering, maintenance, and repairs.
  • List of capital goods for a hairdressing salon or beauty parlor.

  1. Various hair styling products
  2. Scissors
  3. Brushes
  4. Roller and rods
  5. Hair gel and sprays
  6. Various types of makeup products
  • Importance of capital goods

Capital goods are necessary for increasing the semi-permanent productive capability of the economy. Additional capital product scale back consumption within the short, however, will cause higher living standards within the economy. Therefore, economies usually face a trade-off between a consumer product and capital goods.


Capital goods play a vital role in today’s economy. Except for permitting a business to form a product or give services for shoppers, capital product are necessary for alternative ways that. In an associate business, wherever production instrumentality and materials are quite overpriced, they will be a high barrier to entry for brand new corporations. If a replacement business cannot afford to get the machines, it must produce a product; as an example, it is going not to be able to view as effectively within the market. Such an organization would possibly intercommunicate another business to produce its merchandise. However, this may be overpriced, likewise. This implies that in industries wherever the means that of production represent an outsized quantity of businesses embark prices, the number of corporations competitive within the market is commonly comparatively little.

The acquisition of machinery and overpriced alternative instrumentality typically represents a significant investment for an organization. Once a business is troubled, it typically puts off such purchases as long as attainable, since it does not add up to pay cash on instrumentality if the corporate is not around to use it. Capital disbursal is often a symbol that a manufacturer expects growth or a minimum of a gentle demand for its merchandise, a doubtless positive economic sign. In most cases, the capital product needs a considerable investment on behalf of the producer, and their purchase is typically said as a capital expense. These products are necessary to businesses as a result of they use these things to create a practical product for patrons or to supply shoppers with valuable services. As a result, they are typically said as producers’ products, production products, or means that of production.


To conclude my findings,

Capital goods in India:

India’s Capital goods-producing business is a robust base for its engagement across sectors like Engineering, Construction, Infrastructure, and goods, amongst others. The business contributed about $ ten.4 bn to exports in 2016-17.

Capital goods business in India provides about one.4mn direct and seven MN indirect jobs.

Market-oriented reforms like “Power for All” at the side of plans to feature ninety-three GW by 2022 can generate immense demand for power transmission and distribution (T&D) instrumentality.


The discussion has revealed:

In the theory of international trade, the purposes and features of trade of capital goods receive little consideration. Trade-in capital goods is a compelling part of the influential relationship between international trade and development. The production and trade of capital goods, as well as consumer goods, must be introduced to trade models, and the entire analysis integrated with domestic capital accumulation theory.


There are a few opinions and suggestions by family and friends whom I discussed my project findings with; they are given below:

There should be more information about capital goods in the curriculum of 11th and 12th std textbook

There should be more information available on the internet as well.

There should be seminars about all types of goods, including capital goods.


My profound gratitude to all the faculty members of the Department, for their timely assistance and encouragement throughout my research work.

I duly acknowledge the encouragement and support from the research scholars in the department, and all my colleagues and friends.

It gives me immense pleasure to take the opportunity to all the people who are directly or indirectly involved in the completion of my project based on Prepare a List of Capital Goods used by the following institutions by visiting them. (a) a farm (b) a transport company (c)a stall supplying pan, bidi, etc. (d) a restaurant (e) a bicycle shop (f) a hairdressing salon or beauty parlor.

With deep reverence, I offer my deepest gratitude _____, without whom this project could not have been fulfilled.

Lastly, I thank Almighty, my parents, family members, friends, and teachers for their constant encouragement and support, without which this project would not be possible.

Name of School/College


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