- 1 INTRODUCTION:
- 2 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES:
- 3 METHOD AND METHODOLOGY:
- 4 DETAIL REPORT OF PROJECT:
- 5 ANALYSIS OF DATA:
- 6 CONCLUSION:
- 7 DISCUSSION:
- 8 SUGGESTION:
- 9 ACKNOWLEDGMENT:
- 10 BIBLIOGRAPHY / REFERENCE:
A partnership is an appointment wherever parties, called partners, conform to collaborate to advance their mutual interests. The partners in an exceedingly partnership are also people, businesses, interest-based organizations, schools, governments or mixtures. Organizations might partner to extend the chance of ever achieving their mission and to amplify their reach. A partnership might end in supplying and holding equity or is also solely ruled by a contract.
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES:
The aim of this project is to visit a partnership firm, study the management of the firm and prepare a report on it.
There are many objectives for this project. Major few objectives are given below.
- To understand what is a partnership firm
- To know the types of partners in a partnership firm
- To understand the workings of a partnership
- To know the management of a partnership firm
- To ascertain any doubts regarding the partnership firm
- To understand the advantages and disadvantages of a partnership firm
METHOD AND METHODOLOGY:
The method used to gather the required information on the project is an internet survey method. The Internet has extensive information on this subject. It has a vast collection of data on Partnership firms. The survey has unveiled information about this topic which has covered major few points which are listed below and explained in a detailed report of the project.
- What is partnership Firm
- Types of partners in a Partnership firm
- Management inside a partnership firm
- Advantages and disadvantages of a partnership firm
DETAIL REPORT OF PROJECT:
What is partnership Firm
The Indian Partnership Act, 1932, section 4, defines partnership as “the relation between persons who have agreed to share profits of the business carried on by all or any of them acting for all”
Now, we will outline partnership as an association of 2 or additional persons who have united to share the profits of a business that they run along. This business could also be carried on by all or any one of them acting for all.
The persons who own the partnership business are on an individual basis referred to as ‘partners’ and conjointly they’re referred to as ‘firm’ or ‘partnership firm’. The name beneath that partnership business is carried on is named ‘Firm Name’. In a way, the firm is nothing however an abbreviation for partners.
Types of partners in a Partnership firm
Not all partners of a firm have identical responsibilities and functions. There may be numerous varieties of partners during a partnership. Allow us to study the categories of partners and their rights and duties.
Active Partner: because the name suggests he takes active participation within the business of the firm. He contributes to the capital, features a share within the profit and additionally participates within the daily activities of the firm. His liability within the firm is going to be unlimited. And he typically can act as an agent for the opposite partners.
Dormant Partner: additionally called a partner, he won’t participate in the daily functioning of the business. However, he can still have to be compelled to create his share of contribution to the capital. In return, he can have a share of the profits. His liability also will be unlimited.
Secret Partner: Here the partner’s association with the firm isn’t knowledge. He won’t represent the firm to outside agents or parties. Apart from this his participation with regard to capital, profits, management, and liability are going to be identical as all the opposite partners.
Nominal Partner: This partner is simply a partner in name only. He permits the firm to use the name of his firm, and also the hooked up goodwill. However, he is no method contributes to the capital and thus has no share within the profits. He doesn’t involve himself within the firm’s business. However, his liability is going to be unlimited.
Partner by Estoppel: If someone makes it resolute be, through their conduct or behavior, which they’re partners during a firm and he doesn’t correct them, then he becomes a partner by the rule of evidence. However, this partner too can have unlimited liability.
Management inside a partnership firm
All partners in a very general partnership are thought of co-owners. By default, partners even have equal rights to manage the partnership. If an agreement contemplates joint possession of business for profit, still as joint decision-making relating to the partnership’s business, then the chance will increase that a partnership exists. harder queries are raised once co-ownership and co-management are thought of within the context of management of the partnership. as an example, underneath the default rules within the UPA and RUPA, each a capital partner and a labor partner have equal rights to manage the partnership, although the labor partner is far a lot of qualified to manage the business. In most things, it’s helpful to incorporate management and management provisions in a very partnership agreement to avoid conflicts.
Advantages and disadvantages of working in a partnership firm
- Simple Formation:
The partnership could be a written agreement between the partners to run an enterprise. Hence, it’s comparatively easy to create. Legal formalities related to formation are minimal. Though, the registration of a partnership is fascinating, however voluntary.
- Additional Capital Available:
We have simply seen that sole proprietary suffers from the limitation of restricted funds. Partnership overcomes this downside, to a good extent, as a result of currently there are over one that gives funds to the enterprise. It additionally will increase the borrowing capacity of the firm. Moreover, the disposal establishments additionally understand less risk in granting credit to a partnership than to proprietary as a result of the danger of loss is adjoin variety of partners instead of only 1.
- Combined Talent, Judgment and Skill:
As there are over one owner in partnership, all the partners are concerned in a higher cognitive process. Usually, partners are pooled from completely different specialized areas to enhance one another. As an example, if there are 3 partners, one partner can be a specialist in production, another in finance and also the third in promoting. This offers the firm a bonus of collective experience for taking higher choices. Thus, the previous maxim of “two heads are higher than one” competently applies to the partnership.
- Diffusion of Risk:
You have simply seen that the complete losses are borne by the only real businessman only however just in case of a partnership, the losses of the firm are shared by all the partners as per their united profit-sharing ratios. Thus, the share of loss just in case of every partner is but that in case of proprietary.
Like proprietary, the partnership business is additionally versatile. The partners will simply appreciate and quickly react to dynamic conditions. No big enterprise will stifle therefore fast and inventive responses to new opportunities.
- Tax Advantage:
Taxation rates applicable to the partnership are not up to proprietary and company styles of business possession.
- Unlimited Liability:
Even as in ownership, the partners’ personal assets could also be in danger if the business cannot pay its debts.
- Divided Authority:
Sometimes the sooner explicit maxim of 2 heads higher than one might become “too several cooks spoil the broth.” every partner will discharge his responsibilities in his involved individual space. But, just in case of areas like policy formulation for the full enterprise, there are probabilities for conflicts between the partners. Disagreements between the partners over enterprise matters have destroyed many other partnerships.
- Lack of Continuity:
Death or withdrawal of 1 partner causes the partnership to come back to a finish. So, there remains uncertainty in the continuity of partnership.
- Risk of tacit Authority:
The selections created by him bind all the partners. At times, an incompetent partner might lend the firm into difficulties by taking the wrong choices. Risk concerned in choices taken by one partner is to be borne by different partners additionally. Selecting a business partner is, therefore, very like selecting a wedding mate life partner.
ANALYSIS OF DATA:
A partnership firm could be a type of business within which a bunch of individuals, additionally called partners, close. They originated their firm and supply services and product through it. However, a partnership firm isn’t thought of to be a separate legal entity. Partners share all the profit and losses amongst one another. There’s an infinite liability given to all or any the partners. To become a partner in an exceedingly partnership firm you may need sure things as mentioned below.
To become a partner you would like to be significant and may be of sound mind. You ought to not be disqualified from catching in any method by the law. But a minor may become a partner. In such a case situation, all the partners ought to offer their consent. The minor won’t be able to participate within the workings, however, he is entitled to the advantages of a partnership. He’s in person not chargeable for any act. He cannot sue alternative partners anyhow.
To conclude my findings,
The proprietary kind of possession suffers from bound limitations like restricted resources, restricted talent and unlimited liability. Enlargement in business needs a lot of capital and social control skills and additionally involves a lot of risks. A businessman finds him unable to satisfy these necessities. This involves a lot of persons close, with totally different edges and begins business. As an example, an individual who lacks social control skills, however, might have capital.
Another one who could be a smart manager, however, might not have capital. Once these persons close, pool their capital and skills and organize a business, it’s referred to as partnership. Partnership grows primarily as a result of the restrictions or disadvantages of proprietary.
The discussion has revealed:
A Partnership Deed may be a document that outlines thoroughly, the rights and responsibilities of all parties to a business operation. Once 2 or additional people close to creating a business partnership, it’s judicious to own a properly written Partnership Deed, rigorously particularization the terms of the account. It conjointly states the part quantitative relation, nature of the business, name-address of the partners yet as firm.
There are a few opinions and suggestions by family and friends whom I discussed my project findings with, they are given below:
- There should be a visit from colleges to various firms for better understanding
- The firm should be registered.
My profound gratitude to all the faculty members of the Department, for their timely assistance and encouragement throughout my research work.
I duly acknowledge the encouragement and support from the research scholars in the department, and all my colleagues and friends.
It gives me immense pleasure to take the opportunity to all the people who are directly or indirectly involved in the completion of my project based on Visit to partnership firm and study the management of the firm and a report on it.
With deep reverence, I offer my deepest gratitude _____, without whom this project could not have been fulfilled.
Lastly, I thank Almighty, my parents, family members, friends and teachers for their constant encouragement and support without which this project would not be possible.
Name of School/College
BIBLIOGRAPHY / REFERENCE: