- 1 INTRODUCTION:
- 2 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES:
- 3 METHOD AND METHODOLOGY:
- 4 DETAIL REPORT OF PROJECT :
- 5 ANALYSIS OF DATA:
- 6 CONCLUSION:
- 7 DISCUSSION:
- 8 SUGGESTION:
- 9 ACKNOWLEDGMENT:
- 10 BIBLIOGRAPHY / REFERENCE:
The project on effects on the environment list of information of industries focuses on the negative and positive aspects of industries in the environment. Lumbini, the birthplace of the lord buddha, lies within the district of rupandehi, which falls in the western location of Nepal. It is a global historical past internet site (inscribed inside the united international locations educational, medical, and cultural business enterprise (UNESCO) international records list in 1997 at some point in its twenty-first session). It is a vacation spot for pilgrims and placement traffic from Nepal and spherical the arena. As a global historical past website online, way to its cultural, spiritual, and nonsecular values, Lumbini is the pleasure of Nepal and has the functionality of turning into a top supplier of income for the authorities of Nepal.
The regions from bhairahawa to Lumbini have been for decades a verdant area of fertile farmlands with paddy and wheat fields and plantations of several veggies and mustard. It additionally provides an important habitat for flowers and fauna. However, nowadays, the scenario has been changing rapidly because of an increasing number of industrial websites within the region. The businesses inside the location are though worried in farming; however, fast changes are growing a dangerous state of affairs for all styles of biodiversity and additionally for the sector historical past web page (was) within the region1. Within the last ten years, this place has witnessed a tremendous boom in the range of business establishments, and the region inside the outer edge of the toll road from Lumbini to bhairahawa can turn into a top industrial region. Environmental pollution from the present and the growing form of industries has accelerated relatively and had a destructive impact on the environment surrounding the area records website. An interesting advertising marketing campaign, such as a petition of environmentalists, has alerted civilians in addition to environmental conservationists to take nice movement for its protection and conservation.
The persevering with business boom possesses a hazard to the archaeological stays in Lumbini (the Kenzo Tange draw close plan), and the different archaeological sites surrounding Lumbini, mainly tilaurakot and mammogram. Each tilaurakot and gram are protected inside the UNESCO tentative list for inscription onto the area history listing. The master plan covers an area of 5 ml x five ml, which becomes legal with the resource of the un and the authorities of Nepal in 1978. Rapid commercial development ought to see the sector historical past website of Lumbini surrounded with the support of a cement manufacturing retail enterprise park, thereby developing harmful environmental pollution that threatens the very life of Lumbini. The expansion of business development at this internet site online is developing an essential risk to the archaeological and nonsecular fee of Lumbini. This unplanned retail enterprise increase also poses a very extreme barrier to the sustainable economic development of surrounding nearby communities. Given the threats to this specific why UNESCO Kathmandu has supplied economic aid to the international union for the conservation of nature (in Nepal) for it to adopt an environmental impact assessment of the vicinity.
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES:
The project aims to show the effects on the environment due to different types of industries
Objectives of the study are
- To learn about the environment
- To learn about industries
- To learn about effects on the environment because of industries
- To learn about the different effects of different industries
- To provide inter-disciplinary advice to minimize the harmful effects
METHOD AND METHODOLOGY:
In this project, we are going to learn about different types of winding up of a partnership firm
Primary data is data gathered for the first time by the researcher. It is the raw form of data and thoroughly studied and hence, a helpful tool for secondary data. Here the method used for the collection of primary data is by using the reference of the website.
The referred websites in this project are used as a source of data for this project. Most of the content is collected from these websites. The authenticity of this information cannot be taken seriously, and thus, keeping that in mind, most of that data might be true or fake.
DETAIL REPORT OF PROJECT :
India is a predominantly agricultural country. The well-being of the Indian economy is directly connected with the welfare of her masses dwelling in rural areas. With the scientific and industrial development, we had to adopt a vigorous industrial policy. The introduction of heavy industries has both positive and negative impact on Indian society and economy.
The government launched massive economic reforms:
Our Government introduced the “New Economic Policy” in 1991. The vigorous economic Plans enshrined industrial schemes and projects.
The private sector is now encouraged to invest in heavy industries. It sought to establish in the country a belt of heavy industries, like the gigantic steel plants at Durgapur, Rourkela, and Bhilai.
Positive Impact of Industrialization
Low cost of production: The introduction of industries has led to a decrease in the cost of production of many essential items. The decrease in cost is the result of the economy of Large-scale production. It allows saving time and labor. Industrial goods have become more affordable for common people.
Self-sufficient: Before independence, we used to spend hundreds of millions of rupees over the import of cloth only, as we had no heavy industries in the real sense of the term. With the advancement of the textile industry in our country, we can manufacture clothes at a much lower cost. In this way, we made ourselves self-sufficient in providing our basic needs.
Employment: Large industries need thousands of skilled and semi-skilled workers. It provides massive employment opportunities for a large chunk of people.
Improved Agriculture: In the modern age, and efficient agricultural system is that which is done with the help of a machine and mechanical devices. For this purpose, we have to adopt the latest Industrial system.
Defense and security: But we must keep pace with the march of time. We have to defend our country against foreign aggression. We must manufacture the latest weapons, for it is most unwise to depend upon foreign aid for the defense of one’s country.
Negative Impact of Industrialization
Mechanized, heavy, and large-scale industries have a negative impact, which adversely affects the environment, society, and economy of this country.
The decline of the cottage industry: Throughout, India has been proud of her rural cottage industries. The silk produced by the village-weavers had been a source of attraction all over the world. With the advent of heavy mechanical industries began the chapter of the decline of our village cottage industries.
Mass migration from rural areas: Another attack is that with the creation of heavy mechanized industries in the urban areas, the rural population would start mass-migration into town and cities, thereby making the unemployment problem more acute and complex.
Depletion of natural resources: Due to industrialization, there is constant depletion of natural resources. Many industries are powered by thermal power plants that consume coal. Since large industries are spread over many acres of land, agricultural lands and forests are often cleared to make available the required land.
Pollution: Large industries emit many harmful gases into the environment. The introduction of harmful chemicals into air leads to air pollution. The noises that it produces leads to noise-pollution.
The increase of war-like situation: Out of the degenerating effects of heavy industries is born contention. In developed nations, most of these Heavy industries are engaged in the production of war materials. With a lot of war weapons in hands, there has been an increase in war-like situations among countries.
ANALYSIS OF DATA:
Causes of Industrial Pollution
1. Lack of Policies to Control Pollution: Lack of effective policies and poor enforcement drive allowed many industries to bypass laws made by the pollution control board, which resulted in mass-scale pollution that affected the lives of many people.
2. Unplanned Industrial Growth: In most industrial townships, unplanned growth took place wherein those companies flouted rules and norms and polluted the environment with both air and water pollution.
3. Use of Outdated Technologies: Most industries still rely on old technologies to produce products that generate a large amount of waste. To avoid high cost and expenditure, many companies still make use of traditional technologies to produce high-end products.
4. Presence of a Large Number of Small Scale Industries: Many small-scale industries and factories that don’t have enough capital and rely on government grants to run their day-to-day businesses often escape environment regulations and release a large number of toxic gases in the atmosphere.
5. Inefficient Waste Disposal: Water pollution and soil pollution are often caused directly due to inefficiency in the disposal of waste. Long-term exposure to polluted air and water causes chronic health problems, making the issue of industrial pollution into a severe one. It also lowers the air quality in surrounding areas, which causes many respiratory disorders.
6. Leaching of Resources From Our Natural World: Industries do require a large amount of raw material to make them into finished products. This requires the extraction of minerals from beneath the earth. The extracted minerals can cause soil pollution when spilled on the earth. Leaks from vessels can cause oil spills that may prove harmful to marine life.
The industrial revolution was a time of great imagination and progress. The inventions that allowed new products to be manufactured created a demand that caused a vicious cycle that propelled some people to prosperity, while at the same time held people down in poverty. It was rarely the intent of the inventors, scientists, and other brilliant people to cause such a chasm between the working class and the industrial machine, but it was, nonetheless, created.
The role of government today in regulating the industry is geared more towards protecting the worker. Back in the early days of the industrial revolution, the opposite was the norm. Life for people who worked in factories and mills often had despicable wages and working conditions. Workers finally had to band together to improve their wages and working conditions, and this often resulted in violent confrontations. Some of these issues still exist today. Some may argue the industrial revolution is still happening, but is it?
River pollution is about strict control of effluent and toxic chemical dumping. It takes good legislation, good policing, and even better legal punishment for offenders.
However, that said, there is a major reason our rivers are so polluted that no one thinks about it. It’s called the hydro dam.
When we build a dam on a river, we change its character, and it cannot deal with pollution. The natural system of most rivers requires good flow, and Hydro dams reduce the flow. The Yellow River is a case in point. This is one of the earth’s greatest rivers but, until recently, this river did not reach the sea for over 200 days a year because Hydro dams and crop irrigation used the water and stopped the flow. Silt builds up in shallow, slow rivers unless seasonal rains are allowed to flood the river basin. The water became stagnant, and the toxicity levels made the water undrinkable. Villages on the banks relied on boreholes and were allowed to call drinking water for only two hours a day. The river bed silts up, and it now runs several meters higher than surrounding land, and when it does flood after heavy rains, it floods vast areas causing death and poverty.
Only when we devise a way to effectively generate power from flowing water, without a dam or barrage to create a pressure head, will the hydro dam system be rejected for the damage it does to the environment. Fish cannot migrate to spawn, massive tracts of land are lost to water, evaporation causes large percentages of rainfall to be lost, and no one cares because it makes precious electricity. When I see the articles written that call hydropower the cleanest renewable energy on earth, my blood boils.
Human beings gradually destroy the natural environment on earth because someone fells trees and catches wild animals at one’s own will. Air pollution also brings about many problems, such as the ozone level of the earth being destroyed, falling of sour rain. The earth seems to cry for harm to human beings. Water pollution from the golf course and garbages affect the quality of water deeply. Waste gas pollution from factories harms our lungs. Soil pollution from pesticides affects the growth of the plant. These pollutions above look like killers to harm our health step by step.
We should be brave to protest against pollution. It is easy and important to preserve our environment from our daily life.
As long as we are concerned about our environment, we shall have a better environment. As long as we bravely express our opinion of preserving the environment, we will own a better environment and drive any pollution away.
As long as we support the activity of preventing garbage pollution and carry out the ways of preserving the environment, the problems of garbage pollution will be solved step by step.
My profound gratitude to all the faculty members of the Department, for their timely assistance and encouragement throughout my research work.
I duly acknowledge the encouragement and support of the research scholars in the department, and all my colleagues and friends.
It gives me immense pleasure to take the opportunity to all the people who are directly or indirectly involved in the completion of my project based on Effects on the environment – List of information of industries
With deep reverence, I offer my deepest gratitude _____, without whom this project could not have been fulfilled.
Lastly, I thank Almighty, my parents, family members, friends, and teachers for their constant encouragement and support, without which this project would not be possible.
Name of School/College
BIBLIOGRAPHY / REFERENCE: